New Zone-10 Website

Welcome to the original Zone-10 Website. This has been replaced by the new website which should be accessable by directly going to . The direct link is  and should load directly.


This original site will be shut down  by May 1, 2017.

New Zone-10 Website
Written by Ken Norton   
Nov 28, 2015 at 03:52 PM

Welcome to the original Zone-10 Website. This has been replaced by the new website which should be accessable by directly going to The direct link is  and should load directly. This new website is active as of the end of November 2015.


This change is necessary as the original site was built using the Mambo Content Management System, which is no longer supported nor is "mobile friendly." The new site is built using Drupal 8, and is mobile ready natively. We apologize for the inconvenience, but this upgrade has been necessary for some time.


Thank you,


Ken Norton 

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Last Updated ( Nov 28, 2015 at 09:23 PM )
How to Get Lightroom 6 to Launch After Upgrade
Written by Ken Norton   
Apr 24, 2015 at 09:43 PM
The following is the (edited) transcript from my online support chat with Adobe. 
SupportGenius: I understand that you are unable to launch Lightroom ,is that right?
IdiotCustomer: Correct. 5.7 does, 6 does not.
IdiotCustomer: No splash screen.
IdiotCustomer: CC is fine, so is the PS CC 2014.
IdiotCustomer: Just Lightroom 6.
SupportGenius: Thank you for confirming.
SupportGenius: I'll be glad to check and help you with that.
IdiotCustomer: thank you.
SupportGenius: Launch Creative Cloud Desktop Application.
SupportGenius: Click Gear icon in the Top right corner of the CC desktop apps.
SupportGenius: Click Preferences.
IdiotCustomer: In Creative Cloud?
SupportGenius: Yes please.
IdiotCustomer: OK, I'm there.
IdiotCustomer: Sign Out?
SupportGenius: Yes please.
IdiotCustomer: Done
SupportGenius: Now, launch the Creative Cloud Desktop application and try to sign in with your Adobe username and password.
IdiotCustomer: done
SupportGenius: Now try to launch Lightroom CC.
IdiotCustomer: From within the CC app?
IdiotCustomer: Or desktop icon?
SupportGenius: Desktop icon.
IdiotCustomer: no joy
SupportGenius: Okay.
SupportGenius: May I know the operating system you are using?
IdiotCustomer: windows 7
SupportGenius: Navigate to C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe.
IdiotCustomer: done
SupportGenius: Locate SLCache folder and click on it.
IdiotCustomer: ok. i'm in it.
IdiotCustomer: staring at a lovely file with an .slc extension.
SupportGenius: Please  delete the contents in the SLCache folder.
IdiotCustomer: done
SupportGenius: Thank you you .
IdiotCustomer: next?
SupportGenius: Please click and Hold windows logo Key +R key to open the run command.
SupportGenius: Type %programdata% and click okay.
IdiotCustomer: done.
SupportGenius: Click on the Adobe folder.
IdiotCustomer: done
SupportGenius: Locate SLStore and rename to SLStoreold.
IdiotCustomer: done
SupportGenius: Now try to launch Lightroom CC.
IdiotCustomer: ok it popped up with the lighroom trial splash screen with 00 days remaining.
IdiotCustomer: There's also another window there too for upgrading the library.
SupportGenius: Select License the software.
IdiotCustomer: ok. signing in.
IdiotCustomer: ok, upgrading the catelog
SupportGenius: Okay.
IdiotCustomer: I'm in. Thank you!!!!
SupportGenius: Excellent, I'm so happy to hear that from you.
SupportGenius: I'm happy to help, Is there anything else I can help you with? 
IdiotCustomer: Is 5.7 still available or should I go ahead and remove the old shortcuts?
SupportGenius: It is available .
IdiotCustomer: Thank you. Good Night!
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FCC's Net Neutrality Ruling
Written by Ken Norton   
Mar 12, 2015 at 11:59 PM

The FCC's Net Neutrality rules are now published. 400 pages long. I skimmed it and also keyword searched a few items.


Overall, it doesn't look too bad, but to say that it is "heavy-handed" is an understatement. But it does a good job of setting the rules for pretty much all forms of "Internet Access", whether it is provided by wireline, cable, fiber, wireless, cellular and satellite. However, it fails to actually address the interconnection agreements between carriers. It looks like this will end up being the next huge battleground.


Just a cautionary note for my "conservative" friends who will rail on this as another "Obama Overreach". I had great concerns about how this was going to go, and I still do. But to deny that there was a problem means that you cannot be part of the solution. What the FCC did was pretty much establish the rules of what is and what is not allowed by ISPs in regards to prioritization and blocking (exceptions for blocking spam, hackers, bittorrent, etc., are in there). There have been service providers who have been testing the limits of what they can get away with and the FCC has been in a continual mode of playing "whack-a-mole" with one-off rulings for the past 20 years. This new 400 page ruling pretty well throws most of the one-off rulings out the window and is written generically enough to be flexible to new applications that come along. However, it is also written generically enough that it is a given that the courts will throw out large portions of it over time.


Did the FCC have the right to do what they did? YES! Did they need to go with the "Nuclear Option"? Probably not. When you figure that each regulation or law is a stepping stone to the next one, EVERYBODY should be terrified of it. But in itself, this is looking halfway decent and appears to level some of the playing field (except for some gimmes to the wireless carriers, and still punishes the telephone companies very unfairly).


Two things that I see happening. (Please note that this is my own opinion, not that of my employer, "Acme Telephone Company"). I fully expect that over the next year, rates will increase by $10 per month. Why?


1. No more "advertiser or partner-provided perks". Do you like that neat streaming app that your cellular provider doesn't charge for on your phone? Gone. If you want the Nascar Sprint Cup streaming on your Sprint phone, you'll now have to pay for it like everybody else on ATT and Verizon do.


2. Unlimited data plans are history. Expect tiered data caps on all forms of internet access, not just wireless. The difference is that instead of arbitrary slowing down of data for the top 5% of users, you'll hit hard caps and automatic advances into higher priced plans.


3. Bundling of ISP services with ISP access will no longer be the same. Either the level of service will go down (limited storage on email, etc) or the ISP services (email, etc.) will be a distinct price add on. How this manifests itself will vary. But you can expect to pay for things that are not currently being charged for or are currently included in the package cost.


4. Related to the previous point, more and more items will be moved to the content provider side of the Internet where prioritization and other perks are NOT regulated yet.


5. Net Neutrality did not address the interconnects. See below:


Interconnection agreements between the ISPs and upstream Tier-1 providers, as well as agreements between ISPs, Tier-1 providers and Content Providers were not addressed in this ruling. If I can praise the FCC on any one thing, it's that they didn't monkey this one up, yet. Netflix won a battle, but may have lost the war.


Let's follow the chain here:

1. You are sitting at home watching a Netflix show.

2. Your television is connected to the ISP's modem (Wired or WiFi).

3. The ISP's modem is connected to a box on the other end of the phone line, cable, fiber or radio connection.

4. This box is connected to a network transport device to get it from your town to where the router is using very expensive connections.

5. This router is connected via VERY expensive connections to a couple of routers that then touch a Tier-1 network.

6. The dozen or so Tier-1 networks are all connected to each other.

7. Netflix has a connection to one of those Tier-1 networks. Netflix has essentially paid for just one fat connection to that one Tier-1 network provider and told everybody else to pound sand. (they were in the process of establishing more connections until they saw the opportunity to manipulate the rules).


What has happened, that is a good thing for the ISPs, but lousy for Netflix, is that without the FCC regulating these interconnection agreements, the throttling, etc., can occur right up there at the top. Right where all the ISPs come together. The Tier-1 providers can now set different rules that allow them to charge far different rates for different classes of service. The FCC, in this ruling, has just pushed the throttling and paid services to a different choke point in the network. This will mean that if Netflix wants a better connection to YOU, they have to have a better connection to your ISP. What Netflix was trying to avoid, having to setup interconnection agreements with every tom-dick-and-harry ISP, has effectively backfired on them.


So, in a nutshell, the new FCC rules addresses the "access portion" of the Internet, but does not address the "interconnection portion" of the Internet. Because of this, I see where the new Net Neutrality rules are good, as it stabilizes the regulations and fixes the issue of things changing every few months. One month the ISPs can do one thing, and the next they can't. This fixes that problem. It is also good because it does not address the global aspect of the Internet. It leaves things as they are in that regard. This is VERY good because it could have meant the end of the USA as being the primary location for major data centers and would have caused the bulk of the Internet to go "off shore".


The courts will clearly reject parts of this ruling and will clarify other parts. In all honesty, I don't think that a legislative approach from this congress would have done it better. Instead of 400 pages, it would have been 40,000 pages and would have created loopholes for some small ISP in rural Montana or someone's congressional district. This congress and president would have come up with something MUCH worse and would have probably created a whole branch of government to run it. Of course, that would have come with taxes.


The FCC did address one concern that many of us had. That had to do with specialty applications. As long as the connection isn't some back-door way of getting access to the Internet for normal uses, it does allow for connections that are single-purpose or special-purpose that can have specific prioritization across the network. ISM (Industrial, Scientific, Medical) uses can use dedicated connections. This is consistent with Title II for telecommunications as there is general telephone connections and dedicated data connections. In fact, you can still order a telegraph circuit.


So, did the FCC overreach? Yes and No. They did not overreach because they just solidified a lot of watery Jello, but they did overreach in the areas of establishing the foundation for future FCC rulings that WILL alter the landscape in ways that we can't even imagine today.


This is NOT Obamacare for the Internet. This is the FCC throwing a hissy-fit and finally getting around to fixing some issues that they've been neglecting for a while. I believe that some of the data they used to justify or base some things on is faulty, as well are many of their conclusions about that data and their understanding of the "Layers", but at a glance it doesn't look too unreasonable.


Where the FCC very much FAILED, in this regulation is the recognition that quality of service will suffer. Without means of adequate traffic shaping (some is allowed, but very minimal), the only solution is to either limit how much data any one user can get or to throw bigger and bigger pipes at the problem. Everybody wants more taxis in New York City, but if New York City had more taxis, there would be more traffic jams and the actual passenger throughput would actually decrease. Same thing happens when every user gets as many taxis as they want--there just isn't enough road for them. Roads cost money. Probably $10 per month more money, just to start.


These opinions are MINE, not that of my employer.


Ken Norton, 3/12/15 

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Zone-10 Website Update
Written by Ken Norton   
Jan 04, 2015 at 09:16 AM
Over the next few days, Zone-10 will launch a new updated website. This involves a complete change of Content Management Systems involving the rebuilding all articles.

During this rebuild, a number of articles will not be transferred to the new site. The old site will go dorment, but will not be deleted until the dust has settled.

With this rebuild, the site will change look and feel. It will be an "adaptive" site which automatically formats itself to the screen and device being used to view it. As a result, it will be very "mobile friendly".

Please bear with us during this time as the site goes through the changes.

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The Olympus OM-D and Greatness
Written by Ken Norton   
Sep 14, 2012 at 10:08 PM
It is no secret that I've been a bit harsh on Olympus over the past year or so, but find that the OM-D E-M5 to be a brilliant addition to the line. Olympus did very well with this camera. Perfect? Of course, not. Excellent? Absolutely. The rest of Olympus' m43 cameras are aimed at a different class of usage, though, and I'm definitely not very hip on them.

Here's the rub. The E-M5 isn't the only camera in this class. Sony's Alpha line is better in most areas. The Olympus lenses are a bit better overall, but Sony has more to choose from that don't require adapters to work. (Now the a99 changes everything again). Panasonic's GH3 will also stifle the E-M5 sales. The E-M5 is enjoying great success because of a hole in the timing from the competition. Nikon and Canon still haven't shown what they are capable of doing in the mirrorless realm.

The only real way to tell about the overall greatness of a camera is through time. You cannot judge how good or bad a camera is upon introduction or even while the users are in the honeymoon period. Greatness doesn't reveal itself for at least a year. Honestly, it wasn't until after the GH2 was long out of production that it's place in photography and film was revealed. The Canon 5DMk2's following only got stronger as time went by. In the pre-digital world, the Nikon F100 only got more popular as time went on. The Olympus E-1 is revered more now than it was when it was competing against the 20D. Meanwhile, in recent years, we've gone nuts over the Fuji's, the Sony's and a myriad of other cameras that tickle our fancy. The Panasonic GF1 is a camera of greatness. The GF2 wasn't. Of the three professional E-series bodies that Olympus has produced, which one will go down in photographic history as an example of "greatness"? The E-1, E-3 or E-5? Why? Of the non-pro bodies, which one is the best example of "greatness"? E-300, E-330, E-400, E-410, E-420, E-500, E-510, E-520, E-600, E-620, E-30? How about the Panasonic L1 and L10?

I learned a lesson many years ago. Never buy a camera at introduction and never buy a stock at IPO. Every few months there will always be a new camera by someone out there that is better than what I have. I'll have dreams about all the new types of pictures I can take that I've never taken before. Suddenly, my old camera (which might only be a few weeks or months old) is bordering on junk. The IPO parallel can be drawn with Facebook stock. We were so hyped up over it that the IPO was up around $38 per share. With both cameras and stocks, it takes a while to find out that it isn't living up to the hype. The exception to the camera buying is when the timing of your need of a new camera coincides with the introduction of the camera. The other exception is when buying Canon 5D bodies. The release schedule is pretty well known and the resale value is quite predictable. Buy those right away and use them right up to the introduction of the next model. Same with Photoshop upgrades--Adobe will charge you for the upgrade now or later so you might as well get it out of the way.

Honestly, now. Is that Apple iPhone 5 that much better than the iPhone 4S? Remind me why you got the 4S a few months ago? Same with cameras. Updating, replacing and dissatisfaction with the old is a sign that the marketers got to you. For the vast majority of people, replacing a brand new device (camera, phone, stereo, car, etc.), with another is more about vanity, pride, insecurity and entertainment than it is about a rational decision. Of the iPhones, which one will go down in history as an example of "greatness?" Until yesterday, it was the 4S. Or was it? Hmm. Isn't Apple copying Samsung by finally including LTE and a larger screen? ;)

This week, we got product announcements from Sony. Be honest now. How many of you got all excited over that new full-frame (135mm format) compact camera? Why? What is it about that camera that makes it any better than what you have now? Are you sure? What happens when a few months from now there will be another compact like it from Sony or another manufacturer that takes interchangeable lenses? The Fuji XPro1 sure was exciting a few months ago, too.

All that said, I really do like the E-M5. I recommend it to anybody for whom the body and lenses fits their needs. Give it some time and I am likely to buy one myself--probably from someone who is moving on to the next latest/greatest and hasn't even put 200 pictures on the counter. I'm patient. If, by that point, the E-M5 isn't all that it's cracked up to be, then I just won't buy one and I'll be out nothing. I bought my E-1 as a factory refurb for a massive discount. The L1 from someone who moved on to something else. Being slightly behind the curve isn't always a bad thing.

However, even this critic of Olympus is impressed with the OM-D E-M5.

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Last Updated ( Sep 14, 2012 at 10:10 PM )
Moose on the Water
Written by Ken Norton   
Aug 21, 2012 at 08:36 PM



Moose on the Water, Isle Royale National Park. Olympus E-1 with DZ 14-54



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Abandoned Junk Yard
Written by Ken Norton   
Jun 28, 2012 at 09:30 PM


Stuart-Rd-JY1 Abandoned Junk Yard. Converted in Picture Window Pro. Nexus S4G



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Last Updated ( Jun 28, 2012 at 09:35 PM )
Featured Picture of the Week - Francesca's Ashes
Written by Ken Norton   
Jun 26, 2012 at 09:26 PM



Roseman Bridge, Madison County, IA. Nexus S4G Phone



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Featured Picture of the Week - Rexall Drug
Written by Ken Norton   
Jun 24, 2012 at 09:41 PM



Rexall Drug Sign - Winterset, Iowa. Olympus OM-4T, Zuiko 300/4.5, Fujichrome Velvia




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